Chronic Kidney Disease Statistics 2021
The CDC released new statistics on Chronic kidney disease (CKD), showing that this chronic condition is on the rise. In fact, an estimated 37 million people in the US have CKD per the 2021 statistic, compared to 26 million people in 2017.
What is CKD?
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a condition that occurs when kidneys no longer filter blood effectively, and while treatment can help manage symptoms, there is no cure. Risk factors for kidney disease include high blood pressure, diabetes, and obesity. Individuals with CKD often have other chronic health conditions, as well, such as heart disease, anemia, and depression. Furthermore, when CKD progresses to late stages, it can result in end-stage kidney disease and kidney failure.
What are the risk factors of chronic kidney disease?
Diabetes and high blood pressure are the main causes of CKD. Other risk factors of CKD include heart disease, obesity, and a family history of chronic kidney disease.
While there are risk factors for kidney disease, there are no outward symptoms. A blood test to measure the level of creatinine (a waste product produced by muscles) in the blood, and determine the albumin/creatinine ratio and the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) provides insight into CKD risk, and gives individuals the opportunity to better their health before entering end-stage kidney disease.
Summary of chronic kidney disease statistics
- In the United States, 37 million people are estimated to have chronic kidney disease (CKD). That’s 15% of US adults!
- 9 in 10 adults with CKD do not know they have it.
- 14% of Hispanic Americans have chronic kidney disease.
- CKD is more common in women (14%) than men (12%).
2021 CKD statistics by age, sex, and race/ethnicity
According to the CDC, estimates for 2021 chronic kidney disease statistics by age, sex, and race/ethnicity are as follows:
- The kidney disease age statistics from the CDC reveal that CKD is more common in adults aged 65 years or older (38%) than in those aged 45 to 64 years (12%) or 18 to 44 years (6%).
- Women are slightly more likely to have CKD (14%) than men (12%).
- CKD is more common in non-Hispanic Black adults (16%) than in either non-Hispanic White (13%) or Asian adults (13%).
- Approximately 14% of Hispanic adults have CKD.
Why early detection and treatment of CKD is important
It is important to be tested regularly for CKD, especially for people who are at high risk, such as people with diabetes or high blood pressure. It is possible to have CKD and not feel any symptoms. A blood test to measure the level of creatinine (a waste product produced by muscles) in the blood, the albumin/creatinine ratio, and determine the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) provides insight into CKD risk.
If left untreated, CKD can lead to serious health issues such as heart disease and stroke. According to the kidney disease statistics for the United States, adults with CKD are at increased risk of death at an earlier age than those without CKD. However, with treatment through medication prescribed by a doctor and lifestyle changes, such as following a healthy diet, it is possible to prevent CKD from getting worse.
How people with CKD can keep their kidneys healthy
To keep their kidneys healthy, people with chronic kidney disease can lower high blood pressure, manage their blood sugar levels, lower their salt consumption, avoid NSAIDs (a type of painkiller), moderate how much protein they eat, and get an annual flu shot.
Empower your employee population with CKD prevention measures
When CKD is caught early through screening, it is possible to prevent the progression of kidney disease to kidney failure. By identifying those at risk, it is possible to alleviate the health and financial burdens of CKD. The economic burden for chronic kidney disease is high and continues to rise, and offering eGFR screenings can help identify those at risk before they become high-cost claimants.
Employers that offer wellness screenings for employees can easily add eGFR and creatinine to their screening panel to screen for CKD risk. Not only does adding these measures help improve employee health, but can help positively impact healthcare spending, as well. Contact your Quest representative to learn more about offering eGFR screenings.
View this infographic for more information about CKD.
All statistics from The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Chronic Kidney Disease in the United States, 2021.